Nine Polish cities you did not know about
You have already visited Warsaw, Krakow, Gdansk and other most tourist Polish cities and now do not know where to go? Fortunately, you can gain experience not only in the most famous places. Today we will tell you about small cities that you may not have heard of – but in vain!
There are not many cities in Europe that are located in two countries at the same time. Cieszyn is one of them. As a result of the Polish-Czech conflict of 1919-1920, the western part of Tieszyn Silesia went to Czechoslovakia, and the eastern part to Poland. The city of Cieszyn was also divided into two parts: the Czech part was called Cesky Tesin.
The name “Cieszyn” comes from the Polish verb “cieszyć się”, that is, “rejoice.” According to legend, the city was founded in 810 by the sons of Prince Leshko III Boleslav, Chestmir and Leshko: after a long journey, they met at a small well and, delighted by the meeting, decided to return there later to build a city on this site. The well of three brothers (Studnia Trzech Braci) became one of the symbols of Cieszyn.
Today Cieszyn is a charming small town with many attractions. It is worth staying for a few days to leisurely stroll through the old town with its baroque and Renaissance churches and narrow streets, drink coffee in one of the cozy cafes, climb the Castle Hill, where the former Habsburg residence, the old brewery and the rotunda built in the 11th century are located St. Nicholas – one of the oldest monuments of Polish architecture. In the old town, Cieszynska Venice deserves special interest – a section of Pshikopa street located near the artificial water channel Mlynivka. Previously, there lived artisans who needed access to water. Thanks to the numerous bridges over the canal, this part of the city really resembles Venice (you can take a virtual tour of it here). And since we are talking about bridges, you should definitely cross the bridge over the Olše River to get to the Czech Republic and take a photo on the border of the two countries.
By the way, every year in Cieszyn passes one of the best and most famous summer schools of the Polish language, which is organized by a branch of the Silesian University. So you have a great opportunity to combine business with pleasure!
In the Lower Silesian Voivodeship, 80 kilometers south of Wroclaw, lies the city of Klodzko – a real find for lovers to combine outdoor recreation with sightseeing of historical sights. The history of this city founded in the 10th century is connected with the rule of the dynasties of Przemysłowicz, Luxembourg, Silesian Piast, Habsburgs and Hohenzollerns. At different times, Klodzko was part of the Czech Republic, Austria (the Habsburg monarchy), Prussia and Poland, so it is not surprising that now you can see traces of different cultures in the city, and its architectural diversity is truly amazing.
The main attraction of Klodzko is a medieval defense fortress, which acquired its present form at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries. The most famous battle for the fortress is connected with the Napoleonic Wars. It took place in 1807 and lasted for three months: in the end, the head of defense, the Prussian general Friedrich Wilhelm von Goetzen, was forced to surrender to the French. Now the fortress is open to visitors. Tourists can also get into the dungeon and walk a kilometer through the underground labyrinth. Several nightly excursions take place here several times a month, but you need to register for them in advance – the number of places is limited, and there are many adventure lovers. But even if you didn’t get underground, it’s worth to climb into the fortress just to enjoy the panorama of the city from above.