Poland, Poznan: a city on the Warta River
A trip to Poznan will lead us to one of the oldest cities in Poland. As soon as you learn something about the ancient history of the city, during your stay in it you will want to learn more and enjoy this city, which played an important role in the history of Poland.
Poznan has always used its strategic position between the Warta and Tsybin rivers. From the very beginning, the city was a fortress and at the same time a major cultural and political center, because in general the first historically reliable leader of the Polyan tribe, Meshko I, founded his residence here.
In the middle of the tenth century, a cathedral was built in Poznan, generally the first in Poland. In front of the cathedral in the past was also the ducal palace, which was discovered recently. The palace included a chapel, which was probably built for the wife of Meshko I. Over the centuries, the cathedral has undergone many restructures. From the first pre-Roman version, continuing the Romanesque, Gothic (XIV-XV century), in the Baroque style, which followed after the great fire, and ending with the neoclassical, also after the next devastating fire. In addition, representatives of the Piast dynasty, including Meshko I, are buried in the cathedral.
Poznan In the XIII century in Poznan began the construction of the next building, which has now become a tourist attraction. This is a castle that was built by order of the Duke of Przemysl I of Greater Poland on a hill on the right bank of the Warta River. The castle is called Gora Zamkova. It is about the hill that there are legends that confer its appearance on the dark forces. Allegedly, at the time when Meshko I, as the first Piast ruler, was baptized, the devil decided to sink Poznan out of spite. To achieve this, he had to stop the flow of Warta with the other demons. However, the joy of victory woke up the roosters, whom the evil forces were afraid of, and they fled from their crowing.
Poznan In the 14th century it was the largest castle in Poland. It consisted of a massive tower and an adjoining palace, in the basement of which was a prison and a wine warehouse. The second floor of the three-story palace formed a huge hall for two thousand people.
However, the story was not too welcoming to the castle. In 1536 the castle burned down for the first time and was rebuilt in the Renaissance style. At the beginning of the XVIII century, it was destroyed by Swedish troops, and then it was partially updated. At the beginning of the 19th century, it was damaged by Prussian troops, and in the 20th century it became a target for artillery fire.
However, the castle was again partially reconstructed, and since 2002 there is an initiative that seeks to carry out its comprehensive reconstruction. Today, at least, you can visit the Museum of Decorative Arts.
Naturally, Poznan offers much more, but more on that in the next article …
It would be a sin for a city like Poznan to devote only one article. Therefore, today we are returning here to get to know the capital of the Wielkopolskie Voivodeship more closely.
Poznan As mentioned in a previous article, Poznan is one of the oldest and largest cities in Poland. Such a large city, of course, should have an impressive historical center, and, as we learned last time, Poznan meets this condition.
This impressive city hall dominates, which at first glance looks a bit unusual, but very interesting. The Town Hall is located in the Old Town. She acquired her present look in the second half of the 16th century, when Poznan underwent perestroika in the spirit of mannerism under the leadership of the architect of Polish-Italian origin Giovanni Battista di Quadro. Di Quadro, by the way, was also the author of the appearance of the tomb of Bishop Adam of Conars, which can be found in the Poznan Cathedral, as well as petty bourgeois houses. However, the town hall is its largest legacy.
Today, such an expressive tower of the town hall, including the clock, was destroyed during the storm at the end of the 17th century. In the 90s of the same century, it was rebuilt and reached a height of 90 meters. Some time passed, and other natural disasters affected the dominant of the town hall. This time it was a hurricane (in the 20s of the XVIII century). Poznan
In any case, when you will be near the town hall and examine it, pay attention to the lower left corner of the watch. Beyond him are two mechanical goats that always begin to move at noon.
According to legend, the goats were installed because the cook, who was preparing food for the governor’s banquet, allegedly burnt the fried deer. Desperate over a spoiled delicacy, he tried to replace it with the fact that he had stolen two goats in a nearby meadow. However, the goats ran upstairs to the tower and there attracted the attention of passers-by when they started to butt. Due to the fact that the animals were able to entertain everyone so well, the feudal lord forgave the cook’s mistake. In memory of this, two mechanical goats were installed on the tower of Poznan.
Old Market Square is not only the town hall, although it is probably the main attraction here. In addition, inside is the Museum of Modern History of Poznan.